Applications to Specialty are generally coordinated via the Oriel system which handles all applications for specialty. It is important to note, however, that there are differences between the 4 NHS Authorities (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) for many specialties. Therefore, you need to check the most up to date information regarding applications for the year in which you apply.
All information regarding specialty applications, including to General Practice, is released on the Specialty Training website. The site is generally updated for each recruitment year prior to the application process opening.
You can submit an application for each specialty, although specialties differ in the number of training areas you can preference. It is important that you are aware of the process for the specialty or specialties to which you wish to make an application.
If you are considering training overseas, then you may wish to look at the information which is detailed on the Health Careers website regarding training/working overseas.
Pursuing an academic career is possible at any point throughout your foundation or specialty training. Some academics have even completed their specialty training prior to pursuing a research qualification.
From Medical School, applicants interested in academia can apply for integrated one or two year Foundation Academic Programmes. The recruitment to such vacancies is managed by the UK Foundation Programme Office (UKFPO). For more information about applying for an academic FP see the FP web pages
More information about careers in academic medicine see the National Institute of Health Research Integrated Academic Training.